Solo Woman Hikers Be Wary

Even though the risk is minimal, be prepared to defend yourself against both two and four-legged predators on any solo hike if you're hiking alone as a woman. Heide Brandes photos.
Even though the risk is minimal, be prepared to defend yourself against both two and four-legged predators on any solo hike if you’re hiking alone as a woman. Heide Brandes photos.

A Woman Hiking Alone: Attacks on the trail are rare, But are you prepared?

By Heide Brandes

I was deep in the quiet wilderness of the Buffalo River Trail in the Ozark Mountains of Arkansas when I suddenly realized I wasn’t alone.

At the summit. Female hikers need to take reasonable precautions while hiking, woman hiking alone..
At the summit. Female hikers need to take reasonable precautions while hiking.

I was trekking the fall-drenched 36-mile trail that winds up and down mountains, through oak-hickory forests and along limestone bluffs without seeing a single soul, hiking alone as a woman.

I almost never see another person while hiking; only fading footprints in the dirt trail beside indicated that others exist here beside me.

I worry about a few things when I solo hike. What happens if I roll an ankle? What if a bear decides I would be a delicious little snack? What if a crabby rattlesnake crams my calf with burning poison?

I’ve never worried about what would happen if I saw another person on the trail — until I smelled the cigarette smoke.

She Wasn’t Alone

The distinctive smell of cigarettes wasn’t strong, just a hint on the breeze, but it stopped me dead in my tracks. It was the moment that I realized, after two days of pure solitude, that I wasn’t alone in these woods.

I’ve never been frightened hiking alone, but at that moment, I was unprepared if someone came barreling out of the woods like a charging bull, intent on doing me harm. I could scream, but only the birds would hear me.

I could run, but the forest would echo my route. I could fight, but I’m all of 5’2” and a buck-twenty, so likely I would be overpowered.

Loneliness During Solo Travel

I was woefully unprepared for this. Sure, I followed all the rules of solo hiking by letting someone know my exact route, having an approximate time of arrival, carrying extra water and food, double-checking my light source and a first-aid kit, and checking my trail map and compass often.

I never prepared for what I would do if another person meant to do me harm.

solo hiker
No matter how calm the day is, be aware of who else is on the trail.

Luckily, according to trail experts and outdoor guides, assaults on trails are few and far between. Nevertheless, an ounce of prevention goes a long way.

While the likelihood of having a problem with another person is slim, all hikers should – as with every possible scenario – have a plan.

An Ounce of Prevention

“Encounters with aggressive people while hiking is extremely rare,” said Carl Ewald, Executive director of TerraMarr Adventures adventure club in Philadelphia.

“They are almost non-existent. They make the national news because they are the stuff of nightmares.

But, this is not a reason to avoid hiking.”

Many experts agree that solo hikers rarely have to worry about a physical assault from another human being on the trail. But attacks do occur.

Woman Hiker Attacked

In September 2013, a group of hikers was attacked by bandits in a remote part of Papua New Guinea and two PNG porters were killed. Other more recent are stories of woman hikers who were killed while hiking in Indiana.


Two female hikers in the Comanche Peak Wilderness Area west of Fort Collins, Colo., were hiking the Signal Mountain Trail in September of that same year when a man attacked them. In June 2013, authorities say a man sexually assaulted and stabbed a lone hiker at Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee.

So while assaults are rare, being prepared is key to escaping such an attack.

Like an Animal

“People are animals at the core. So, I would give the same advice as I would for encounters with a potentially aggressive animal,” Ewald said. “Give it a respectful distance. Move in a calm or deliberate manner away from the threat. Be prepared to defend yourself.”

Robert Richardson of Off Grid Survival specializes in self-defense, and although he agrees that trails are generally not a problem area, he adds that many hikers do not prepare as well as they should for the possibility.

dog walker

“Oftentimes hikers make the mistake of thinking they’re safe while out on the trail. While they might carry survival equipment, and even have things like bear spray to protect themselves from wild animals, very few are prepared to deal with a violent person or attack while out in the wilderness,” Richardson said.

What to do

Jessica Cargill specializes in self-defense. As a Mixed Martial Arts champion and leader in the RunHERS Safe Woman project, Cargill says confidence and self-defense training can improve a lone hiker’s chance when faced with an assailant.

“Holding yourself with confidence is important,” she said. “Most attackers are looking for easy prey. They want someone they can overpower quickly and easily, so if you stare them straight in the eye and walk with confidence, you become a less attractive target.”

Jessica Cargill specializes in self-defense. She says confidence and self-defense training can improve a lone hiker’s chance when faced with an assailant.

Jessica Cargill specializes in self-defense. She says confidence and self-defense training can improve a lone hiker’s chance when faced with an assailant.

If threatened by another person on a hiking trail, Cargill said hikers can do several things to protect themselves including:

  • Get trained. Even a basic self-defense course improves your chances of getting away from a violent attack.
  • Carry protection. Bear spray works just as well on humans as it does on bears, but the key is to have the spray readily available and easy to reach.
  • Act confident and strong. If you feel threatened, walk with shoulders back and an open posture.
  • Make eye contact with the person in question. Cargill said directly addressing the threat with a question like “What do you want?” or a statement like “You need to back off” creates the impression that you are not an easy target.
  • Make a distance. Whether you are faced with a mountain lion or a creepy stalker, create distance between you and the threat. The more distance you have, the better chance you have to avoid a sudden surprise attack.
  • Never admit you are a woman alone. If stopped on a trail by an aggressor, always imply that you are with other people by saying statements like “My group is moving slow, so I was scouting ahead” or “I’m waiting for my boyfriend to catch up with me. He’s taking a short break.”
  • When in doubt, run and fight. Use every dirty trick in the book to escape your attacker and run. Never hesitate to hurt an enemy and bite, scream, kick, scratch, and punch until you can escape.

Carry communications. At the very least, carry signaling devices like a whistle, a reflective LED light with strobe functions, brightly-colored gear. Though pricey, consider investing in a locator beacon (PLB) or a satellite phone, like the SPOT II GPS Messenger or yellow brick GPS messenger.

“Most of the time, an attacker won’t take the effort to hike deep into the woods on the off chance that he will come across a female hiker by herself – it’s just too much trouble,” said Cargill. “But, it can happen. Get trained in self-defense. Make sure you have a plan and an evacuation route if something does occur. Above all, don’t ever give up – fight for your life.”

I still hike solo, and to this day, I’ve never encountered trouble on the trail. What I do have now is a plan of action in case I am threatened. Like getting lost or injured, being prepared for any scenario can save your life.

Heide BrandtHeide Brandt is an award-winning journalist and editor. She has been published in Forbes, Silicon66, Bloomberg News, The Guardian UK, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, New York Daily News, and the New York Times. She is also the Oklahoma correspondent for Reuters News Service.

Besides freelancing full-time, Heide is an avid traveler, a medieval warrior, hiker, professional bellydancer, and belly-dance instructor, and kind of a quirky chick who lives in Oklahoma City.

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3 thoughts on “Solo Woman Hikers Be Wary

  1. I feel bad for women with this added issue. Myself I carry a .44 mag mostly for that very rare black bear and something more certain to put it down in one shot, but could be easily used on an assailant. I think just seeing it in a chest holster not snapped in would cause significant pause – if anything I am more concerned about scaring others. Even for me a relatively strong middle-aged man I have fear hiking in deep woods alone. I think people who don’t have any fear are either naive or psychologically off. It doesn’t mean to have crippling fear but hey, there are potentially dangerous animals out there, dangers of falling or losing the trail and rare chance of assault so sense are on high alert. If I were you and did not carry a gun, I would have a secondary can of regular pepper spray of 2 million SHU in addition to bear spray. Learning hands-on self defense would be good, too. Wish you all the best and have fun on the trail.

  2. Okay that last commenter’s post scared me cause 1. Those trails are in my neck of the woods 2. The gorge is notorious for getting lost, missing people, and 3. She didn’t finish the story. It’s just not safe around here to hike alone. The rise in homeless, serial killers, and slippery slopes screams for a buddy. Nothing is fun without peace of mind. p.s. smoking a joint in the lush PNW forest is bliss to me.

  3. Thanks for the article. I recently encountered something similar. A fairly secluded hiking trail in the Columbia George, I had planned on going a few miles deep into the woods armed with bear spray. I was concerned more about bears and cougar than people. On the trail, I passed a 1/2 mile or so in. He didn’t “look” like a hiker in presence or attire as he flashed a predatory grin that gave me a chill as we passed. Something about him felt off. I soon forgot about him assuming he was gone by now. I was enjoying my hike when I thought I smelled a slight hint of cigarette smoke but questioned “who’d be smoking & hiking?”, it didn’t fit, so I dismissed it & besides there was no one around. Later, as I was heading back, I came in sudden contact with a billow of cigarette smoke, and there he was a short distance from me looking straight ahead, it was the same guy that was heading out of the park earlier, now sitting on a log near the trail. Not thinking twice, I turned around and headed the opposite direction before he saw me.
    Praying for safety while gaining distance, I waited for time to pass hoping to see someone else on the trail. With bear spray in hand, I carefully headed again towards the trail head looking for any movement around me. I got to the parking lot where I spotted him sitting in a car.

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