By Sand or By Sea: Sinai Safaris Take It All In

Diving with a dugong in the Red Sea with Sub Sanai. Armin Mueck photo.
Diving with a dugong in the Red Sea with Sub Sanai. Armin Mueck photo.

Come enjoy a unique spin on your not-so-average Safari in the Sinai

By Anton W.S. Segal

A mecca for pilgrims as well as sun worshippers, Egypt’s Sinai desert is a lesson in duality–simultaneously holy and profane, barren and bountiful.

Some travelers come as pilgrims; others prefer to sun themselves senseless on the beaches of Basata or Tarabin. But, for an alternative way to tour the region, try a Sinai safari.

Although camels are still abundant (and a fun way to go), the Land Rover is the new ship of the desert. Many local outfitters offer a variety of safaris–by camel or jeep, which can often be tailored according to the wishes of the group or the individual traveler.

Camels are a fun way to tour the Sinai.
Camels are a fun way to tour the Sinai.

A four- or five-day tour often starts with a visit to the Colored Canyon, a colorful, winding sandstone canyon cut and shaped by wind. Sleeping under the stars in the desert is a near-religious experience, and nothing can compare with sitting around a campfire, smoking a narghile (water pipe), making bedouin bread, and swapping stories about scorpions in sleeping bags.

Hiking Mount Sinai

Hike up Mount Sinai a few hours before dawn to see the spot where Moses–or at least Charlton Heston–received the Ten Commandments. Watching the mountains change color from rose to pink to fiery orange is awe-inspiring. Bring a jacket: the summit can be very cold, even in summer. Pass by St. Catherine’s Monastery on the way down.

If you feel a bit spent from the exertion, unwind for a couple of days at a desert oasis. What could be better than sitting in an icy spring in the middle of the desert, surrounded by palm trees?

Musa the Bedouin guide, beside Stagah (yellow bush) for healing cuts, and Guurdi (grey/green bush) for curing camels of constipation. photos by Hilary Munro.
Musa the Bedouin guide, beside Stagah (yellow bush) for healing cuts, and Guurdi (grey/green bush) for curing camels of constipation. photos by Hilary Munro.

Better yet, try a dip in the Red Sea, where you can swim with some of the most unique fish and corals in the world.

Whether by land or by sea, the Sinai has much to offer. In many places, it is easy to independently combine diving and driving (by camel or jeep) for the ultimate, alternative tour of the Sinai.

Camel Safaris

If your time or budget is limited, a camel trip from the eastern shore village of Dahab to Ras Abu Galum provides a brief taste of Sinai’s splendor. The trip takes about an hour and a half one way, more than long enough for those not used to riding camels.

Fifty meters to the left of the path, the craggy mountains of Sinai rise above the red desert sands; to the right is the Gulf of Aqaba, a finger of the Red Sea that extends up to Israel. In some places, the mountains run directly into the water, and the path seems to disappear.

If the tide is running high, your sure-footed steed may have to tread over the wet reef.

At last, the coast gives way to a clear blue bay fringed by a golden crescent of sand with a Bedouin tent set back near the foot of the mountains. If arrangements are made in advance, the Bedouins will make your lunch, a typical meal consisting of grilled chicken, rice, tahini, and salad.

Other camel safaris can range from a few hours to a few days. Combine the best of both land and sea with dive centers that use camels to transport divers to remote shore dive sites!

Diving Safaris in the Sinai

The Sinai has as much to offer underwater as it does above sea level. The enormous schools of fish and the spectacular coral reefs of the Red Sea are some of the finest in the world. The best way to get acquainted is on a diving safari, also known as a “liveaboard.”

Diving in the famous Ras Mohammed National Park. (
Diving in the famous Ras Mohammed National Park. (

A typical trip includes a day of buoyancy checks and easy diving, two days diving the four wrecks of Abu Nuhas, a day at the renowned Thistlegorm, and a few days split between the Straits of Tiran and the famous Ras Mohammed National Park.

Divers who prefer a bed that doesn’t rock at night should consider daily diving in Dahab or Sharm El Sheikh. Dahab has some fantastic geological formations (the Canyon, Blue Hole, Bells), whereas Sharm is known for its magnificent coral and fish life.

Dahab is exclusively shore diving. Guided dives cost extra, so many divers choose to plan and conduct their dives independently. In Sharm, all dives are from a boat and a guide is always present. Travelers crossing overland from Israel should note that, regardless of what border officials may say, a full Egyptian visa is required to visit Ras Mohammed, and Sinai visas are very difficult to upgrade.

For new divers, certification courses take four or five days, depending on the size of the group. If you pass, you’ll have a license that allows you to dive anywhere in the world. Both Dahab and Sharm El Sheikh are ideal places for beginners to learn the sport.

Introductory dives are an option for those who want to try diving but don’t want to commit to a full course: listen to a short lecture and you’re ready to take the plunge under the direct supervision of an instructor.

Don’t want to dive? The entire eastern side of the Sinai peninsula is fronted by a reef that begins at the shoreline and extends out 20 to 30 feet before dropping off. This gives easy access from shore for snorkelers. During low tide, the reef may be exposed.

Saint Catherine's Monastery in the shadow of Mount Sinai. Quintin Lake photo.
Saint Catherine’s Monastery in the shadow of Mount Sinai. Quintin Lake photo.

Snorkelers should avoid the temptation to walk across it; not only do they risk injury to themselves, but they are also killing the coral as well. Wait until high tide and then swim out.

The beautiful reefs of Tiran and Ras Mohammed are only safely accessible by boat. Most dive clubs offer day trips to these sites just for snorkelers.


To get the most out of a Sinai Safari, it is best to base yourself in one of the Red Sea diving resort towns. The proximity of major ocean and desert sites to Dahab and Sharm El Sheikh makes them good choices.


Desert safaris go on all year, but summer temperatures can reach 120 degrees in the shade. From June to September is the best time for diving, while fall and spring are best for the desert.

A sleeping bag is useful even in summer. Safari organizers provide everything else. Quality diving and snorkeling equipment can be rented from all dive clubs.


Most hotels and dive centers can arrange desert safaris, in addition to the underwater kind.

Ask around at the camel post for easy camel treks. Most hotels and dive centers can also arrange camel safaris.

Sub Sinai
Diving, trekking, jeep tours, safaris, accommodations–an all-purpose tour operator in Dahab with a great web site!

Nesima Resort
Sharm El Sheikh
Eid Suleiyman, who has been running desert safaris for years, can be contacted through the Camel Dive Club

Sinai Divers

Red Sea Diving College

Oonas Divers

Elsewhere Umbarak: Shark’s Bay Resort and Dive Club
Located away from the tourist areas near the Straits of Tiran, this is the only dive club/resort owned and operated by a Sinai native and the first Bedouin to receive dive certification.


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