Pioneering Pittsburgh International Airport Expansion Goes Green
Coming 2025: New Pittsburgh International Airport Terminal Focuses on Sustainability
By Dana Armstrong
Imagine relaxing in an Adirondack chair on an outdoor terrace surrounded by lush grass and western Pennsylvanian trees and flowers. It sounds like a delightful garden getaway.
But this could be your pre-departure experience while waiting for a flight in Pittsburgh International Airport’s new terminal.
Pittsburgh’s X-shaped airport will be gaining a new focal point by 2025: a 700,000 square foot terminal reflecting Pennsylvania’s industrial heritage, emerging prominence in international air travel, and, more uniquely, its nature.
Officials broke ground on the project in October 2021, making it the first terminal in America to be built after the COVID-19 pandemic.
The design team, led by the joint venture of Gensler + HDR in association with Luis Vidal Architects, is implementing many modern solutions.
This includes 90,000 square feet of natural, open-air areas with space to social distance, locally-sourced building materials resilient to supply chain concerns, and green energy sources.
A Brief History of Pittsburgh International Airport
Pittsburgh International Airport was originally known as Greater Pittsburgh Airport. Initially, it was meant to be a military airport, but planners agreed to add a passenger terminal to relieve the traffic of the nearby Allegany County Airport.
Pittsburgh’s airport opened in 1952 and operated domestic flights until the construction of its international wing in 1968.
In its peak use in the 21st century, the airport welcomes around 10 million passengers annually. The airport hosts 17 commercial airlines and flies 125 nonstop flights to over 50 domestic locations daily. Along with its extensive domestic offerings, it currently flies to Canada and Mexico.
Though the airport has seen many expansions over the years, the Allegheny County Airport Authority, which manages the Pittsburgh airport, saw the need for a much larger improvement.
Paul Hoback is the Chief Development Officer for the Allegheny County Airport Authority. He is spearheading the Pittsburgh International Airport’s Terminal Modernization Project, or TMP, and explains the need for the project.
“Because Pittsburgh International is no longer a connecting hub facility designed for one dominant airline, we need different configurations of our aging baggage system, security checkpoints, and international arrivals area.
Major systems including the baggage handling system, moving walkways, elevators, etc. are old and costly to maintain.”
“The new terminal will be reflective of the thriving, modern Pittsburgh that our region is today – with a large focus on technology, sustainability, and innovation.”
That means an innovative airport able to meet the demands and desires of modern airlines, construction workers, and passengers.
Improved Passenger Experience
What can passengers expect from the new terminal? For outbound passengers entering the airport, they will enjoy the expansion’s new parking garage, rental car facilities, and a covered drop-off/pick-up area.
Once entering through the front doors, they will be greeted to a vast ticketing area and their first views of the airport’s wooden ceiling and tree-like support beams.
According to Hoback, “adding more touchless technology such as digital queuing and more smartphone-enabled systems, will greatly improve the passenger experience and allow for more flexibility in the new facilities.”
That improved technology also plans to extend into the TSA screenings.
After passing the screening, passengers will be able to wait for their flights in some of the many outdoor terraces – a first for U.S. airports. Or, they can dine and shop in the terminal’s new retail spaces.
Though the brands have not been decided, Hoback and his team’s goal is to “increase the number of local and regional [retail and dining brand] offerings in the new terminal.”
Incoming passengers can look forward to the new baggage claim facilities which aim to reunite passengers with their luggage faster.
Hoback said, “Bags will need to travel less distance and go through fewer vertical level changes to get from plane to baggage claim.
In addition, the new baggage claim devices will be longer, allowing each device to hold more bags at one time.”
For this $1.4 billion building project, the Allegheny County Airport Authority plans to put sustainability and local revitalization at the forefront.
The Pittsburgh International Airport is already powered by an onsite microgrid, and is the first airport in the world to do so.
Over 10,000 solar panels and five natural gas generators produce 20 megawatts of energy for the airport. And the builders plan to incorporate even more environmentally-conscious features to sustain the new terminal.
Hoback listed these features:
- More efficient mechanical systems, low flow fixtures, and HVAC upgrades
- Voluntary regional commitment to reduce energy and water usage by 50% below baseline and convert airport vehicles to electric by 2030
- Phasing out use of CFC-based refrigerant equipment
- Recycle/reuse at least 75% of the total waste generated by construction; A major portion of this reuse effort will come from crushed concrete that will be reused to build new roadways
- Pursuing LEED Silver certification for the new terminal, LEED certification for the rental car customer service building, and ParkSmart certification for the garage
- Local/regional, sustainable, and healthy materials will be prioritized and tested for use in the new terminal including paints/coatings/ furniture/carpeting, etc.
For the building process itself, the design team plans to locally source materials as much as possible. Hoback said, “one of the project’s suppliers, Sippel Steel Fab, is located just 20 minutes away from the airport.”
This local focus extends to who the project will be hiring. It is estimated that the new terminal will provide 14,500 direct and indirect jobs to a diverse workforce that creates more employment opportunities to women and people of color.
The Future of Airports
The plans for the Pittsburgh International Airport expansion provide a glimpse into the future of air travel. It is a plan that other airports can hopefully use as a model to improve their own environmental sustainability, workforce diversity, and improved passenger experience efforts following the pandemic.
To learn more about the Pittsburgh International Airport and stay up-to-date with their Terminal Modernization Project, visit their website here.