Rwanda’s Magnificent Mountain Gorillas

The male silverback gorilla known as ‘The President’ – photos by Gabriel Constans

The male silverback gorilla known as 'The President' - photos by Gabriel Constans

By Gabriel Constans

The two-lane paved road kept climbing higher, past waterfalls, lush cultivated valleys and terraced hillsides. Kermit the Frog, from Sesame Street, would feel right at home with the abundance of green foliage that simmered before our eyes.

The river that followed the road to Ruhengeri in the north of Rwanda provided a beautiful contrast with its brownish-red colored waters.

Taking a Break

Our family was traveling with a group we worked with at an orphanage in the capital Kigali. We were taking a break to visit the rare mountain gorillas that live in the Virunga National Park, which borders The Congo and Uganda in Eastern Africa.

The scenery during our two-hour ride along the Ruhengari Road (built by the Chinese) was spectacular, but even that lovely assault on the senses didn’t prepare us for what was to come.

When we arrived at The Gorilla Nest Lodge in Ruhengeri, just outside the Volcanoes National Park, we were stunned. Imagine a luxury hotel, superbly crafted from local stone, wood and bamboo, tucked into the jungle at the bottom of a blue-green volcanic range.

Top that off with spacious rooms, fine dining and friendly service from people that speak English, French and Kinyarwanda (the national language) and you have a virtual Shangri-la in the middle of Africa.

Finding the Family
Leaving Kigali

Leaving Kilgali

After a peaceful night we were driven to the Virunga Park entrance and met our guide, Fidel, who has worked as a park ranger for thirteen years. He informed us that we would be walking for about three hours to find the family we would be observing.

We set out, nine in all and made our way up the hillside past planted fields and traditional mud huts; over the stone wall, which was built by villagers (who were paid by the government) to keep out elephants and buffalo and to delineate the park boundary.

We were well prepared for what is usually a wet misty experience (with our boots and raincoats), but were in luck with sunny weather and clear trail.
Our guide Fidel

Our guide Fidel

As we walked Fidel told us that the dominant male in a family (the Silverback) is called “The President”. He said if there is no dominant male in the group, then a female is the leader.

Just Like Us

“Blackbacks are males before they become adults,” Fidel said quietly. “From eight years on females are called adults because they can have babies. Gorillas can live up to forty years. Gestation for pregnancy is about eight to nine months.

“Females usually live longer than males. They are vegetarians. They sleep, play, socialize and eat just like us. Their DNA is ninety-seven percent the same as humans.”
A gorilla family with their new baby

A gorilla family with their new baby

He suddenly held up his hand and whispered, “straight ahead.” We heard the sound of twigs breaking and grunting noises before we could see anything.

Fidel gently pushed aside some bamboo and my wife was staring face to face with a 500-pound silverback ten feet in front of her who was contently sitting down to lunch on some freshly stripped morsels of bamboo leaves. She froze, as we lined up alongside her; our mouths agape at the spectacle.

Stupefied Grins

It wasn’t long until a number of females with toddlers and a newborn joined the silverback. We watched the children play, nurse and be pulled back to their moms when they got to far away or too close to the spectators.

We were entranced. We were the ones with the camera equipment, but if the gorillas could take our picture, they would probably be laughing hysterically at images of our grinning stupefied faces.
Volcanoes National Park

Volcanoes National Park

As required, we left the gorilla family after an hour’s viewing and made our way back down the mountain. We were in such awe that there was little conversation.

Everyone knew the $500.00 per person we had paid for permits to see the gorillas was the best money we had ever spent. The funds from the permits help the rangers protect the gorillas, continue research and provide funds for the surrounding communities to build schools, health clinics and crafts centers.

Positive Support

Rwanda is becoming increasingly noticed for its environmental policies, gender equality, stable government, family life and breathtaking beauty. Positive internal and international support for infrastructure, education, investment, security and eco-tourism have made it assessable, affordable and one of the safest destinations for adults and children in Africa.
A village outside Virunga Park

A village outside Virunga Park

When we returned to Kigali the next day and continued our work at El Shaddai Center for Orphans, my wife said, “Wouldn’t it be nice if these kids could some day afford to see the gorillas?”

“It would be fantastic,” I thought. Perhaps some day soon these children will be able to finish their education, make a living and visit the rare mountain gorillas themselves.

Perhaps some of them will, like Fidel, grow up and work in one of Rwanda’s beautiful national parks and lead tourists like you and me to see their beloved and amazing national treasure, our cousins, the magnificent mountain gorillas of Virunga National Park.
Presbyterian Guest House, Kigali

Presbyterian Guest House, Kigali

When you go…

The l east expensive flights are from London to Rwanda, via Kenya or via Johannesburg, South Africa.

The national language is Kinyarwanda, but many people also speak English or French and there is a big push for everyone to learn English.

Immunizations and immunization cards are required.

Money is the Rwandan franc which equals about 550 francs to every US dollar.
A room at Gorilla Nest Lodge

A room at Gorilla Nest Lodge

While in Kigali, a nice, reasonable place to stay is The Presbyterian Guest House: B. P. 56 Kigali, Rwanda. Phone 250-578919. Email

Gorilla Nest Lodge: P. O. Box 79, Ruhengeri, Rwanda. Phone 259-(0) 8305708. Email

A great resource for touring Rwanda’s national parks, including the Virunga National Park and gorilla sanctuary, is: Bizidanny Tours & Safaris B. P. 395 Kigali, Rwanda. Phone: 250 08501461. Web Site

Barbara Jenkins at Rancho Del Mar Travel has been arranging trips for families to Africa for thirty years. 1327 La Sobrina Court, Solana Beach, CA 92075-2105, USA. Phone: 011-858-755-7368.

The Rwanda Tourist Board can be contacted at:


Gabriel Constans

Gabriel Constans has written for numerous newspapers, magazines and literary journals in North America, Europe, Oceania, Africa and Asia; he is a special correspondent for the Santa Cruz Sentinel and a contributing writer, along with Maya Angelou, to ‘You the Writer’ by Guth and Rico (Houghtin-Mifflin Co.) and ‘From Eulogy to Joy’ by Cynthia Kuhn Beischel. He has ten published books on a variety of topics. Visit his website,

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