submit to reddit GoNOMAD Travel          Instagram
Morning in St. Pere - photos by Max Hartshorne
Morning in St. Pere - photos by Max Hartshorne
Screw the Freedom Fries: France Was Right!

Max Hartshorne

By Max Hartshorne
GoNOMAD Editor

An April trip to France’s Burgundy region made it clear why more people want to visit France than any other destination in the world. Quite simply, France has been luring visitors from around the world for centuries because this country knows how to make visitors feel welcome.

There is a sentiment in the US that the French don't want us to visit. The ridiculous spectacle of the "Freedom Fries" and the rancor of uninformed Americans at the French opposition to the Iraq War gave some people the impression that it was unpatriotic to visit France -- the country that helped win the American Revolution and gave us the Statue of Liberty!

Well, now that the French have proved totally right to oppose the stupid war, I say a resounding NO to these silly ideas.

Rolling Fields

I love France. I love the hillsides that shine with the yellow tops of the rapeseed, and the endless rolling fields of rye grass, and the wonderful smell of a baguette just out of the oven. On this trip we visited Burgundy, once a great power on its own, now a bustling, prosperous province famous for wine, foie gras, and the beauty of its villages.

More than 75 million travelers from around the world make France their destination of choice each year. Though that might mean big crowds and no vacancy signs during July and August, it is still easy to find affordable accommodations during the warm months of April, May, June and September. Our weather in April was marvelous, the perfect temperature and climate for walking and picnicking in the country.

Wall detail from the Basilica Sainte-Madeleine in Vezelay
Wall detail from the Basilica Sainte-Madeleine in

Our trip began in the ancient town of Auxerre, where canal boats meander, and two famous churches are built on three hills.  The city of 45,000 residents has been inhabited since 800 years after the time of Christ, a waiter explained to me.  Cathédrale Saint-Étienne d’Auxerre built in the 1200s  is the main attraction here for pilgrims who want to see the crypts below and the ancient wall paintings in the gloom.

Boats line its shores of the canal on the Quai de la Republique.  We had lunch on the top deck of a permanently moored boat owned by David Quillen, called Le Coche D’O. First he brought wine… a Chablis, of course, and it was dry and delicious.

His meal, a little filet with hash brown potatoes, was a delectable way to begin our gastronomic voyage to the land where fine cooking got its start.  Like all meals in France, meals begin with the local wine, in this case the Chardonnay, or White Burgundy, and then to the first course, a meat course and a lavish dessert.

Eating like this makes one wonder just how that “French paradox” could possibly work. How can French people not blow up like balloons eating like this every day? Remarkably, somehow, they just don’t get fat here. I saw for myself a nation of thin and trim people. It is startling to see!

Charolais cattle in the Ferme Auberge de Bazoches
Charolais cattle in the Ferme Auberge
de Bazoches

Asparagus Season in April

The asparagus is in full season here in April.  These white shoots do not have the strong flavor of the green variety that is grown with sunlight, and these larger, thicker shoots are protected from the sunlight when they grow but still have that delicate flavor, especially when napped with buttery sauces.

We found them on the menus throughout Burgundy, as an appetizer -- often one of two choices that included duck liver, or foie gras.

We toured Auxerre and learned about the crypt below the famous church. Today this is a working monastery and down below it is cool and dark. Here we could see the famous relics of the 9th century; paintings on the wall provided a glimpse of life in the Middle Ages. You can tour these crypts daily.

I asked my guide, Didier, what is Auxerre’s most famous food? She didn’t hesitate, and took me to J. Parry Chocolatier, where the proprietress showed me the famous truffles her husband bakes. They’ve been here since 1910.

The truffles were redolent with the taste of liquor prepared with raisin-drenched rum, and she gave me a small box wrapped in ornate red paper as a souvenir of this charming town.

A Local Legend

We headed south to our next stop….the Michelin three-star restaurant and inn owned by local legend Marc Meneau.

Michelin three-star chef Marc Meneau in his vineyards near Vezelay
Michelin three-star chef Marc Meneau's sommelier in the vineyards near Vezelay

Meneau earned his three Michelin stars the hard way. He went away as a youth but returned and for twenty-five years he has welcomed guests into his starred Relais and Chateaux inn in the little village of St. Pere. 

You can stay in the main inn, with a glassed-in dining area overlooking their extensive gardens or stay across the street in the Villas de Margaritas. There are 35 rooms in all. WiFi is free in all of the rooms, a rarity in France, and a nice amenity.

At dinner Mrs. Meneau makes the rounds of the tables, greeting guests, and Meneau himself spends a lot of time in his kitchens. He rents some land to grow grapes near the famous Basilica of Notre Dame in Velezay, perched on a hill overlooking the farm fields.

His sommelier took us out to his plots and we saw the small shoots that will soon yield a crop of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir wines. He took us to a little cave to sample his chardonnays which were first rate.

Dinner that night at Marc Meneau was a show-stopper. It is truly remarkable to dine where the stakes are high in a place like this. Michelin stars are not thrown around easily in France; you know you’re in for something special.

Like so many fine restaurants here in Burgundy, the meals always begin with an ‘amuse bouche.’ This is a small whimsical bite of something to get you ready.  It’s usually amusing, and Marc’s choice was an oyster in aspic of seawater, covering a basil leaf…then a plump raw oyster waiting below.

M. Perrier, farmer and innkeeper, feeds his prize Charolais bull at the Ferme Auberge de Bazoches.
M. Perrier, farmer and innkeeper, feeds his prize
Charolais bull at the Ferme Auberge de Bazoches.

Spuds Four Ways

On tonight’s menu was America’s favorite vegetable... the lowly pomme de terre, potatoes, done four ways. First, tiny one-inch puffs that we later found out were cooked twice to provide a pop when you eat them, second a champagne class filled with the most buttery whipped spuds you can imagine, and then a potato cooked in a clay covering, that was cracked tableside, and finally, a simple au gratin morsel to round out the dish.

The charm of this whole presentation was that everything was small… no giant plates of anything, just delectable small bites designed to excite the palate and bring out the inherent flavors of each vegetable, starch or meat.

That night we stayed across the road in the Villas de Margaritas. These are lovely one-story buildings and each one has a back patio surrounded on each side by a high hedge. Walking outside, there is a huge grass field that adjoins a lovely flowing stream.

A path runs alongside, and as I strolled the path in the evening as the sun was setting, I saw neighbors conversing about their gardens over the fence with one another.

The Glory of the Morning

The next morning I borrowed a bike and got a chance to view the beautiful country roads leading out of St. Pere. At nine a.m. it was peaceful; I pedaled up and along the river Mur and passed kayak rental stalls, and made my way up a hill.

Roman thermal bath ruins at the archeological site des Fontaines Salees, near St. Pere in Burgundy
Roman thermal bath ruins at the archeological site
des Fontaines Salees, near St. Pere in Burgundy.

There I had the full glory of the morning to myself, shared with some cows that munched grass as one young bull made growling noises at me.

Bikes can be rented along the river here in St. Pere. It’s the best way to really smell and see the countryside that is so lovely up close.

You could see for miles up on the hill above St. Pere. The weather was unexpectedly mild and the ground had already been tilled in preparation for the spring planting. I pedaled on and enjoyed the feel of the sun on my New England pale skin, and came across a brown sign that designated a historic area.

Roman Ruins

Here were the ruins of the Salon thermal, a Roman bath that had treated the locals to the pleasures of thermal waters since Roman times. You can still see the effects of the sulfur in the wells; little bubbles remind you that once this was a place for relaxation, and had separate changing rooms and beauty treatment areas for women. Men enjoyed wrestling matches on tiled courtyards.

Now it was just low stone walls, but you can still make out the channels once used to heat the floors of the spa. 

The most famous vines in the world -- these are the grapes that make Romanee Conti, which sells for a mere $1000 per bottle, if you can find it.
The most famous vines in the world -- these are the
grapes that make Romanee Conti, which sells for a
mere $1000 per bottle, if you can find it.

The ticket to this ancient site also allowed entry into the small museum in the village of St. Pere.

Here the most fascinating thing you can see are row upon row of coins, with the engraved images of each Roman emperor, tossed in thousands of years ago to the spring and retrieved by archeologists.

Coins tell stories, and seeing Hadrian, Commodus, Augustus and dozens of other emperors represented on the money of the day is quite a sight.

And, Of Course, The Vineyards

In Burgundy’s vineyards, which surround a corridor extending up from Beaune to Dijon, there are only two kinds of grapes: Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. No blending of varieties, and they pick each grape by hand: Burgundy's standards are different from their bigger cousin in Bordeaux.

Reading the signs is like touring a high class wine store. The familiar labels like Nuits St. Georges, Vosne Romanee, and Romanee Conti, perhaps the pinnacle of wine excellence, are all here. Our van idled right next to the plot of land on a hillside where these cherished and most expensive of grapes are grown to become the $1000 bottles that are only available in lots of six. 

While no visitor gets to taste these Grand Crus, we did get some tastes of less rarified vintages in the cellar of Dufouleur Pere & Fils, a firm that grows 41 hectares of vines. Cellarmaster Bernard Pennecot said that one of the best years for wine was the worst for humans. That would be 2003, when more than 15,000 people died of heat exposure in France.

owntown Dijon gets ready for spring with oversized Wellies and new flowers.
Downtown Dijon gets ready for spring with oversized
Wellies and new flowers.

But the oppressive summer heat that tortured humans shriveled grapes and resulted in one of the best, albeit smallest, vintages on record. They had to harvest the grapes quickly, in the middle of August, instead of September, but today 2003 is one of the best years they’ve ever had for Burgundy wines.

Dijon’s Hidden Places

Our trip into the wineries led us to the capital city of Burgundy, Dijon. Today this is a prosperous, bustling city of 460,000. Any large French city has a market where people meet.  The perfect person to introduce us to Dijon was Alex Miles.

Miles is originally from Queens, New York. He has some of the accent left over, and today he sports a shaved head and makes his way among the market vendors like an old pro. He teaches gastronomy and the sociology of food… apt subjects for our trip to the city market.

He led us into the clean, bustling Dijon market and from the start it was clear this was a world-class place to buy anything edible. It is easy to navigate and the produce, meats, bread and cheeses were beyond superb. The fish, for example, was absolutely gleaming; this kind of shine means it is as fresh as you can get.

Alex Miles at his favorite cheese stall
Alex Miles at his favorite cheese stall

Alex introduced us to his baker, who had reserved a baguette for him, (everything he bakes is sold out every day) and handed out samples of a crusty walnut loaf.

So Much Behind the Walls

He brought us to his favorite cheese stall and we sampled the pungent white Cantal cheese cut from a massive wheel. Alex comes here every day to get his bread and to catch up on the local gossip, as do most of the citizens of Dijon.

We also discovered what the name Dijon brings to mind for most Americans--great mustard! At the Maille Mustard shop, 36 varieties of mustard can be purchased in little bottles, and some, out of a sort beer tap. Talk about fresh mustard!

Touring this market made me yearn for a kitchen and more time in Dijon in which to prepare some of these delectable products found here.

“Dijon is a livable city, and a hidden city. There is so much behind the walls,” he told us, as we strolled a side street. Then he ducked into a nondescript doorway and down a hall that opened up into a high ceilinged courtyard.

“This was once a chapel,” he said, and we admired the wood carvings on the wall and the figures made of limestone that graced the tops of the ceiling. He was right; there are so many places in this city where you can look behind a wall or inside a courtyard and be amazed by striking architectural achievement.

This bread baker sells out everything he brings to Dijon's indoor market each day.
This bread baker sells out everything he brings to
Dijon's indoor market each day.

Another Achievement

We walked along and came up to a large open square, where a long series of fountains shot water into the air and people relaxed on benches. “This was once a parking lot,” he said.  “First it was blocked off from traffic and just last year it was closed to cars.” 

To me that’s real progress… promoting large pedestrian squares and keeping the cars out. I only wish I could impress leaders in the US to think the same way.

Dijon was the urban tip of Burgundy’s incredible iceberg of top notch chefs, charming sidewalk cafes, bucolic scenes and peaceful places to relax.

There is no sense resisting its charms. You just have to join the herd and find out why this is the world’s favorite travel destination. Seventy-five million travelers can't be wrong.

Max Hartshorne, editor of

Max Hartshorne is the editor of GoNOMAD and the Patrone of the GoNOMAD Café in South Deerfield, Massachussetts. His next trip will be to Denmark and Sweden in June 2007. He writes about all of his trips on the blog Readuponit.

A skilled horseman in Hungary Visit our Max Hartshorne Page with links to all his stories.


The walled city of Carcassonne in southern France

Read more GoNOMAD stories about France




and ox tongues on my left. The public market in Lyon, France is a staple of everyday life for its
Beach at Bordeaux. Read More about France on GoNOMAD Bordeaux: A Gleaming City
A Short History of Horse-Eating in France A horse head sticking out from a building. By Stephanie
Beach at LeHavre, France. photo by Paul Shoul. Read More about France on GoNOMAD
Rocamadour, at an angle. photos by David Rich. France with Ze French Chef By David
Watch Travel Videos on GoNOMAD France Paris in 2 minutes Watch more Paris videos
Sausages in the street. Tina Gordon photo. Eight Reasons I Love France By Tina J. Gordon Quick.A
Grand plage at Saint Malo, Brittany France. Marc Latham photos. Remembering Brittany on Allied
Working a grape picking job in France. Here, snipping the fruit in Bordeaux. Joanna Gonzalez photos
Student strikers at the university in Strasbourg, France. Jamie Leigh photos. Living Through
and ox tongues on my left. The public market in Lyon, France is a staple of everyday life for its
wide open part of the north of France that lets you breath easy, nothing feels crowded in these parts
of a Provencal market start with a fresh baguette. Travelers with the South of France on their Amust
Fountain at the Place de la Liberation, Dijon France. Photo by Alexandra Regan.
of France: Loire Valley Tourism Board Pays de la Loire Tourism Board Read the article about the Loire Valley trip Read more stories about France on GoNOMAD

Tags: storySection: Destinations
Location: Europe,France
author: Max Hartshorne
New Travel Articles


Subscribe to GoNOMAD's monthly enewsletter for all of our new travel articles
Get our free monthly travel newsletter
and help support sustainable and responsible tourism.
No spam, no selling
your email, we promise!

Subscribe to our email newsletter!

Subscribe to our monthly newsletter!

amazon ad300x250